The New York Times addresses CBT for Health Anxiety in this article, "A New Approach to Treating Hypochondria." Jane Brody describes health anxiety as a vicious cycle: "health-related fears can be exaggerated by physical symptoms that develop as a result of anxiety about being sick or getting sick. Anxiety itself can cause a rapid heart rate, chest pain, nausea and sweating that patients then misinterpret as a sign of physical illness. "
Though this type of therapy is not new, CBT helps patients recognize unhealthy beliefs and learn to cope with anxiety provoking situations.
What happens when you take children away from their parents?
It should be no surprise that children, when removed from their parents suffer significant distress that can have lasting deleterious impacts on their adjustment and well-being. Here are some of the problems that are likely to occur:
Children suffer trust issues
Children develop memory problems
Children are prone to the same symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) that we see in soldiers returning from war
Children are more likely to suffer physical problems, like addictions, obesity, and binge drinking
Children more likely to suffer issues of self-esteem
Children and more likely to act out.
Children's distress levels are higher
Children and more likely to develop depression
The longer the parent-child separation, the greater the potential problems and the more difficult it is for the affected children to adjust.
For children, traumatic events can lead to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental health disorders that can cause long lasting effects
and, for those who are more concerned with the potential financial aspects than with the probable emotional and psychological damage, these problems could easily extend into the child's life as an adult, producing "loss of wages, inability to concentrate at school," and a "reliance on tax payer dollars."
People, whether law-enforcement, corrections officers, support personnel, military, or judicial, who are entrusted with the care of children, should be mindful of these consequences.
ABCT's Board of Directors noted that "President Trump signed an executive order yesterday to keep migrant families together, but this still does not address the 2,300 children who have already been separated from their parents." The executive order is short on details to make any of the hoped-for revisions a reality.
We encourage policies that are not harmful to children.
Those interested in a more in depth explanation, including source material, can view this
Photo courtesy of Sarah Richter Art
Parenting behavior can have a large impact on childhood independence. Andrea Peterson lays out the research on childhood independence for her article in the Wall Street Journal. ABCT member Alan Kazdin recommends that parents encourage their children to "practice" independence in small, low stakes situations. Others encourage children to begin helping with household chores from a young age, with the ultimate goal, according to former ABCT president Anne Marie Albano, of having children be self sufficient by the time they leave to college.
It's not just celebrities; in fact, suicides are on the rise across the country, in 49 of our 50 states. Ben Carey, in the New York Times, traces some of the probable causes, and the correlational statistics attending them.
Carey notes that the "biggest increases have been in states like Oklahoma, Montana and Wyoming where gun ownership, drug use and economic hardship are common. Among middle-aged people across the country, marriage rates have declined, and social isolation has increased." Carey is careful not to say that more guns, higher drug usage, and increase poverty are the reason, but he notes their increased presence and increased suicide rates.
To add evidence, though, to the impact of the availability of guns on suicides, Carey notes that "a handful of states have passed legislation allowing authorities to seize firearms from people deemed mentally unstable or 'dangerous.' In a study of these laws in two states, Indiana and Connecticut, researchers at the University of Indianapolis found that the legislation led to reductions in gun-related suicides, compared to the expected numbers: they were 7.5 percent lower in Indiana in the decade following enactment, and 13.7 percent lower in Connecticut in the year since strict enforcement began.
For a list of treatment providers who work with depression and suicide, check out ABCT's Find-A-Therapist page here
CBT Effective in Combating Suicide
ABCT member Judith Beck outlines the ways that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy works as an effective treatment for suicidality. She describes how creating a safety plan provides hope, and how CBT uses clear steps to teaching people to solve problems and prevent relapses.
ABCT weighs in on the effects on children of being separated from their parents
Members consulted the literature on this, and posted results from the literature. Needless to say, the findings don't paint pretty pictures. Studies included refugees in Christmas Island, survivors of natural disaster in Australia, left behind children in China, and more.
Detention is not good for children; children in detention handle it better if with their parents; Chinese children left behind as their migrant parents work fair worse than children who accompany their migrant parents even though the living conditions are tougher; foster care, when parents are alive, is sometimes a source of confusion.
Problems are detailed in our posting, with full coverage here
Coming to DC?
Acceptance letters for all submissions have gone out. If you haven't received yours, please write our Convention Manager, Stephen Crane, at SCrane@abct.org
Call for Papers has gone out and registration is open.